Salzburg has two. As soon as you get off the train at the Hauptbahnhof, you are bombarded with two images that stay with you throughout your visit: The Sound of Music and Mozart. Sort of When Maria met Wolfgang.
I really liked the film about the Von Trapp family and their multi-talented governess, and I have never fallen asleep at a Mozart opera. But I started to get irritated when my subconscious singing switched constantly from "The hills are alive with the sound of music..." to "Doe, a deer, a female deer..." and on to the overture of The Marriage of Figaro, with occasional snatches of Eine kleine Nachtmusik.
Relief came only with the train out of town, back to Munich and its large repertoire of clichés.
Thankfully I don't know any songs about beer, sausages and sauerkraut.
A quick internet check – now that I'm back in the EU I can surf with my phone without it costing a fortune – showed the official rate to be 313 forints to 1 euro.
The large print giveth,
And the small print taketh away!
I left the queue and took money out of an ATM. The machine offered me two options: take the "guaranteed" rate of [I can't remember] or let my bank decide. I chose the latter. Let's hope!
And the smiling lady behind the window didn't look at all like a robber.
NATO bombed Belgrade – without UN approval – in 1990. Visiting the city today you wouldn't see much damage as they've done a lot of development since, but there are still traces. One fairly big building near the centre in still a bombed-out carcass. Presumably they left it as a reminder of darker days.
The city itself is interesting, though not beautiful in my opinion. In that way it reminds me a little of Nantes: you don't go there for the architecture, but for the atmosphere.
The street I stayed on is in a pedestrian zone, well supplied with cafés, bars and restaurants. The prices are great value by western European standards: a nice three-course meal, with aperitif, mineral water and two glasses of wine for around €25. And there are many cheaper options. A coffee and a cognac on the way home at midnight cost me €5.
And they're really nice people now that we've put manners on them!
But if bazaars are what you like, you ain't seen nothin' till you've seen the bazaars of Istanbul!
Last week I had a first taste, accompanied by George. We arrived late-ish so we didn't have time to really explore, though I did manage to buy a carpet (see previous post on that subject: http://iranturkey2014.eblana.eu/2014/07/unexpected.html).
Today, on my last day in Istanbul, I decided to investigate further.
Wow, it's big! Or rather, they're big. Between the Grand Bazaar and the Egyptian Bazaar there is an unbelievable maze of stalls selling everything you could possibly expect in a market, and more. You want clothes, food, carpets? No problem! But what about kitchen taps, car parts or solar panels? They've got it!
You could spend days wandering the alleys if you were curious enough, and a fortune if you weren't careful.
I visited this time with my eyes agog, but left with my wallet unopened.
You see pictures of Atatürk everywhere: in shops, hotels, restaurants, even in buses taxis. There are buildings, roads and public utilities named after him. This is something he has in common with the current great leader, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. This wannabe sultan's face is all over the place! And his name is appearing disturbingly frequently on the name plaques of new public constructions.
He is a very wealthy man, his fortune allegedly coming from kick-backs from builders. Planning laws are no problem when it comes to building what he convinces the people they need: more mosques and shopping centres.
Recent protests have shown that people are on to him, however. He wanted to demolish one of the few green spaces in Istanbul – Gezi Park, the small garden in Taksim Square – and build a shopping centre. As if the city needed another one!
Now that he's going to be elected president he will probably achieve his goal of building the "Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Shopping Mall" on the site of Gezi Park.
At least Atatürk had the decency to die before buildings were named after him.
|"Dur Yolcu" memorial,|
Bilmeden gelip bastığın
Bir devrin battığı yerdir.
Which translate (I believe) as something like this:
This ground you tread
Is where an era ended.
The Gallipoli Campaign was an imperial bloodbath that cost the lives of hundreds of thousands of men.
The beginning of the end of several empires: British, French, Russian, German, Ottoman.
After all my years singing those songs...
When it's the bus station of that name!
I took a ferry across the Sea of Marmara this afternoon from Istanbul to the port of Bandırma to connect with a bus to Çanakkale, my final destination of the day.
The ferry lived up to its advertisement: modern and fast (two hours). And relatively cheap at 60 lira (€20) for a trip that would have taken many hours by bus at around the same price.
On arrival there was no indication to the bus station, though I could see lots of buses parked. I finally found an office and a helpful man who spoke English. I had to take a municipal bus to the bus station where I would get the required connection. I got there in about 15 minutes.
The bus to Çanakkale cost 25 lira (€8) and would take just under three hours.
When they say "to Çanakkale" they really mean to a bus station in the middle of nowhere, a 30-lira taxi ride from the town. Compare that to the price of the three-hour bus journey.
I think they must have borrowed the Ryanair naming method. ("Paris-Beauvais" airport is 90 kilometres from Paris.)
I quickly got over the annoyance when I saw my hotel. I booked it at the last minute for €40 per night (a "genius" rate on booking.com) based solely on on the review ratings . It really is a four-star joint!
I'm sitting having a beer in the rooftop bar, watching the boats come and go in the harbour below.
Both Iran and Turkey make world famous carpets. I almost bought one in Esfahan in Iran. Having looked at about 50 in different sizes and colours on one particular shop, I saw one that would go well in my living room. The asking price was €600. I wasn't convinced and anyway I couldn't afford it. Then "just for you" he said "my best price is €400." I thought I'd chance my arm, so I offered €200. After much scribbling and scratching he said he'd take it if I paid cash there and then. It was my first carpet shop so I declined. As it happens, I didn't visit any other carpet shops in Iran.
Today I went with George to the Grand Bazar in Istanbul with no particular objective. Just before closing time we stopped for tea. Right next door was a carpet shop, so we chatted over our tea with one of the salesmen. We talked about carpets and Iran and about the mix of wool and silk, and so on. He knows Esfahan well and sells Iranian carpets as well as Turkish.
I told him I was out of the market but I liked his wares. I also told him about the carpet I liked in Esfahan. He showed me one more than twice the size just to show off. It was really nice, but way out of my price range at €1400.
Then the owner of the shop came out and joined the conversion. While he was telling me about the quality of the carpet in question I could hear George chatting in Turkish with the salesman. A nod in my direction seemed to indicate they were talking about me. George translated: "I told him you're a teacher so you don't have much money."
The boss overheard. "You're a teacher?" he asked. "I have great respect for teachers. Thanks to my teachers I can speak English with you. How much could you pay for this carpet without causing yourself pain?" I had no intention of buying, so I replied "If I offered you €200 I bet you'd be offended."
With that, the boss issued some kind of orders to one of his assistants. Next thing I see someone rolling the carpet and wrapping it. "This is going to be my calling card in Paris. You'll tell everyone where you bought this, and that's worth more than money to me."
Next time any of you come to my place, I'll happily give you his business card.
Those of you who know Paris may know the cluster of small streets near Place Saint Michel where there are lots of crappy "Greek" restaurants filled with tourists. The area of Istanbul where I had dinner last night reminds me of that.
Except it's much bigger, the restaurants are Turkish (no quotes) and the proportion of natives to tourists is about 80%.
Oh, and the food is really good.
Going on a tour of Iran and Turkey is an adventure. I didn't have any experience of countries where Islam is the cultural norm. Everything is different from what I'm used to: lots of tea in cafés and "bars", not so much beer (better in Istanbul than Tehran, granted); mosques everywhere instead of churches; water jets rather than paper in the toilets.
This last was the most difficult to manage. I had read about the phenomenon and brought the necessary materials (wet variety in a resealable pack). But it turns out I didn't need it as much as I expected. The facilities are mixed, traditional and "western". And in general very clean in both countries.
Here's a tip: next time you're driving between cities in Turkey and you're looking for a place to stop to powder your nose, look out for a chain of service stations called Opet (written with a stylised initial O); they proudly boast that they have the cleanest public toilets in the country.
I've tried several. You can trust them.
|Armenian cathedral, Aktamar Island,|
c. 1800 BC — AD 2015
The next time I see it will be on a diving holiday.
Van is one of the biggest cities in eastern Anatolia. The population is mainly Kurdish and Muslim. It was our first stop in Turkey after almost two weeks in Iran.
Here, women wear headscarves if they choose; in Iran, women and girls over the age of nine are obliged to cover their heads in public. We can get alcohol in some restaurants and shops here; in Iran, that's not possible (unless you give the right nods and winks to a waiter who might know someone who has a supply and can arrange a delivery, to be consumed in secret in your hotel room). And I can wear shorts, which I was strongly advised not to try in Iran.
In politics too there are significant differences. Iranians vote in free elections for their parliament and president, but all political and legal decisions are subject to approval by the supreme leader. Nowadays the head of state doesn't wear diamond-studded regalia as in the days of the Shah; he wears clerical robes.
Turks elect their leaders, and chose a hegemonic, corrupt, "progressive-conservative-secular-Islamist" -- with stress on parts two and four -- as prime minister in three successive elections. The multi-faced Recep Tayyip Erdoğan is now standing for election as president of the Turkish Republic. In a Putin-Medvedev-style manoeuvre, he is proposing that the current president, Gül, take over as prime minister.
Cheers to choice!
You expect to wait in line when you're crossing a border. So there was no surprise at Tehran train station when it took a long time to get through security and passport control. The x-ray machine was out of order so we all had to open or suitcases for checking.
Then it was "all aboard!", lots of whistles, and we set off in a great cloud of steam, bound for Turkey.
Nah, the steam was a joke. Diesel train.
I've already described my feelings about the train, so let's skip forward to the next afternoon and our arrival at the border. Our German travelling companion had done the trip in the opposite direction a few weeks previously. He warned us of the long delays on both sides of the frontier.
He wasn't joking! Iranian police boarded the train to check passports. We queued for quite a long time in the dining car before a table of officers.
My turn came and I was ordered to sit in front of a rather stern officer. He stared at me for a minute holding my passport open at arm's length. "What's your name?" This was no doubt a trick he learned at the passport control training day he did 20 years ago to see if I'd crack and say a different name to the one on my papers. I got it right. "Where are you from?" I started to sweat. But I got that one right too. Then he did a pen-and-paper calculation to see if my exit date was within the 15 days allowed on my visa. "Go!" Sigh of relief.
I went back to my cabin to relax and get over the trauma. We were just starting to laugh about the situation when a guard stuck his head on. "All off the train, with all your baggage." Not funny anymore.
All 300 passengers trundled into a hot waiting room with no air conditioning and waited for something to happen. Nothing did for over an hour, then we got the order to file into the next room where our bags would be checked again. I suppose this was just in case we'd manufactured some illegal or immoral items since the check at departure.
In the event both George and I were waved through without having to open our bags, so out we went into the sun to wait again. We couldn't get back on the train as the police were checking the compartments one by one. Another hour later we finely got the OK to board. But not before another quick check of every passport, visa and exit stamp.
God knows how long later we finally got going again, but not for long. Around five minutes and 200 metres later we arrived at the Turkish border post.
This time we had to disembark sans bagages. The queue moved reasonably fast and within only an hour all 250 or so passengers were checked. But we still couldn't get back on the train. They had to change the locomotive from an Iranian one to a Turkish. But the Turkish one was not yet available...
Frustrating! The word isn't strong enough. Infuriating would be closer, but still doesn't quite do the job.
Overall we calculated that we wasted six hours with bureaucratic nonsense. Why didn't the Iranian border police board the train at Tabriz, the last boarding station in Iran before the border, and go through the cabins while the train was moving? The Turkish police could do the same. Why did they have to check our bags again?
I don't expect logical answers to those questions, but I'm going to send them to various official bodies in both countries. If I get any replies I'll keep you posted.
Don't hold your breath.
In all the articles, books and blogs we read about Iran before the trip, the most common theme was how nice the people are, how happy they are to see foreign visitors, and how willing they are to help. In this case, it is true!
Everywhere we've been in Iran – Tehran, Esfahan, Yazd, Shiraz – we've met the nicest people (excpt the taxi driver who tried to rip us off in Shiraz). People spontaneously offered to help when they heard us speaking English: in shops, train stations, at historic monuments. Some were quite fluent in English, while others had a basic grasp of the language. In all situations, though, their English was better than our Farsi! There were also many people who spoke Azerbaijani – a Turkic language – so George could manage to discuss things with them. So all in all, communication was manageable.
But we have to reserve a special mention for our new Iranian friends. We had the good fortune to meet Masoud in Paris while we were planning our trip. He gave us lots of advice about places to go, things to see. He was also very helpful in my quest to get a visa, and he put us in touch with his friend, Asmaneh, who is a travel agent in Tehran. She organised my visa and our internal travel within Iran.
Masoud's friends Behrooz and Samaneh offered to put us up for our first night in Tehran, thus sparing us the hassle of finding a hotel. In fact, they insisted we stay with them for the three nights we spent in the city before heading south for our tour.
They in turn introduced us to their friends, Saman and Asma. All four were charming, generous hosts. They fed and watered us -- even when they, themselves, were observing the Ramadan fast -- and chauffered us around Tehran. They organised visits to museums and galleries, and showed us a side of the daily life of Iranians that we would not otherwise have seen.
Maybe some day we'll be able to return the compliment to our Iranian friends in Paris, Istanbul or Dublin.
We're leaving Iran today, heading for Turkey. But we're taking fond memories and new friendships with us.
Gökçe & Páraic.
(Sent from my tablet device)
(Sent from my tablet device)
(Sent from my tablet device)
(Sent from my tablet device)
Their legacy is a sight to behold: several great mosques, including Jameh Mosque, one of the biggest in the country, with elements from Mongol, Turkic and Persian cultures; Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, with its fabulously decorated domed ceiling (the background image of this blog); and the Shah Mosque (called Imam Mosque since the revolution), beautifully decorated in blue-tiled mosaics. These are the most remarkable among many mosques in the city.
But it wasn't all about piety for the Safavids. They also built palaces to display their wealth, gardens with fountains and artificial streams for pleasure, and the fine Si-o-seh Bridge with its 33 arches to cross the Zayendeh River (completely dry in summer).
Many people in the street stopped us to ask where we were from and to welcome us to Iran. Most were genuinely pleased just to have visitors, but a few had ulterior motives. "It's so nice to see you! Come and have tea in my carpet shop." We did visit one carpet shop and saw some beautiful pieces. The prices are negotiable, and I got one guy down to half his asking price. I didn't buy; it was just practice. Maybe in Shiraz.
Although we're in the middle of the holy month of Ramadan (here, they say Ramazan), we could still get food and during the day in the restaurants and cafés of international hotels. But no alcohol! One waiter told us he could get us a bottle, but it would be expensive. For example, €100 for a bottle of cognac. We declined.
A trip to the Zoroastrian fire temple just outside the town rounded off our visit to Esfahan. Now we're off to the town with the biggest Zoroastrian population on the country, Yazd.
"He says 41000 rials." For what? "That's the exchange rate per euro." The shady guys were freelance money dealers. After more discussion and lots of brandishing of calculators we drove away with almost 25 million rials.
The scenery is fabulous and the views from the ramparts are impressive. The 40-minute to climb to the castle this afternoon in 38°C was murder!
I consoled myself with the notion that a booze-free stretch would do the body good. And they have good tea in Iran, so it's going to be easy. Easier than I expected.
Little did I think that on my first day in the Islamic Republic of Iran I would drink wine and apple schnapps... and eat pork!
I expected an ordeal, maybe a few hours' wait while they checked me out (we arrived at night); perhaps even a refusal. Nothing of the kind! I showed my number, paid €40, and the official placed the pre-prepared visa in my passport. "Welcome to Iran!" she said with a smile and a slight inclination of the head. "Enjoy your stay!" said the police officer who checked my passport.
But that was just the start of the pleasant experience. We took a tax – having agreed the €15 fare before getting in – the 60 kilometres to the house of our hosts, friends of our Paris-based Iranian friend, Masoud. This newly-wed couple waited up until we arrived at 3.30 a.m. (in other words, the middle of the night). They made us sandwiches and fruit drinks and started arranging a day trip for the next day...
The big problem is the visa! After a dozen unanswered phone calls, several emails and two trips to the consulate of the Iranian embassy in Paris (including one when I was accompanied by an Iranian friend whose family has very kindly offered to vouch for us), I finally got confirmation today that my visa application has been approved. I don't have an actual visa yet, but I have an authorisation number that will allow me to get one on arrival in Tehran.
The other issue is my Visa card. I changed banks a few months ago and have only in the last few days received my new card. It's no use in Iran but will be much used and abused in Turkey and whatever other countries I visit before I travel back to Paris.
Next post from Tehran – airport, jail, hotel or cybercafé... we'll see!
The Istanbul-Tehran train is in three parts – Turkish train, boat across Lake Van, Iranian train – and takes almost three days. It costs about €40 one-way, which includes a bed.
Unfortunately, modernisation of the Turkish rail network got in the way! They have introduced a high-speed rail connection between Istanbul and Ankara, so the overnight train option is no longer available for that section. This kind of spoiled the whole idea of the epic three-day journey, so we revised our plan. The new idea is:
- fly from Paris to Tehran (via Baku);
- travel by train within Iran (Alborz Mountains, Alamut Valley, Esfahan, Shiraz, Persepolis);
- take the train from Tabriz to Van in Turkey;
- visit eastern Anatolia (Göbekli Tepe, Cappadocia) by car/bus;
- fly to Istanbul.
View Iran-Turkey 2014 in a larger map